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HIGH-SPIN SHELL-MODEL STATES IN NEUTRON-RICH SN ISOTOPES

Mardi 15 décembre 2015 11:00 - Duree : 1 heure
Lieu : ILL 1 - Seminar Room 07/08, 71 avenue des Martyrs - Grenoble

Orateur : Lukasz ISKRA (Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Krakow, Poland)

The seniority v = 2 and 3 (h11/2)n 10+ and 27/2- isomers known in all neutron-rich Sn isotopes were established in a series of deep-inelastic heavy ion reactions [e.g. 1-3]. The B(E2) values extracted for isomeric transitions reflected in a rather striking way the filling of the h11/2 neutron orbital and indicated that the shell is half-filled in the 123Sn isotope. In an extensive analysis, we have now identified higher seniority excitations located above these isomers in the Sn isotopes extending from 118Sn to the recently identified structure in 128Sn.

All of the studied isotopes were produced in fusion-fission reactions with 6.9-MeV/A 48Ca beams on 208Pb and 238U targets and in fission of a 238U target induced by 6.7-MeV/A 64Ni beams. Level schemes up to excitation energies in excess of 8 MeV have been established based on multi-fold gamma-ray coincidence relationships measured with the Gammasphere array. By exploiting delayed- and cross-coincidence techniques [4], extensive level schemes have been delineated. In the even Sn isotopes [5] they are dominated by seniority v = 4 and 6 excitations including the new identified 15− and 13− isomeric states. Their decays through parallel pathways toward the lower-lying 10+ and 7− isomers enabled the assignment of unique spin-parity values to nearly all of the observed seniority ν = 4 states. To some of the higher-lying, seniority ν = 6 levels, spin-parity values could be tentatively assigned as well. In the case of odd 119-125Sn isotopes particular attention was paid to the occurrence of 19/2+ and 23/2+ isomeric states for which the available information has now been significantly extended [6]. Also structures located above seniority ν = 3 isomers with ν = 5 and 7 were identified [7].

Shell-model calculations were carried out down to 122Sn in the g7/2, d5/2, d3/2, s1/2, and h11/2 model space of neutron holes with respect to a 132Sn core. The results reproduce the experimental level energies and spin-parity assignments rather well. The intrinsic structure of the states is discussed on the basis of the calculated wave functions which, in many instances, point to complex configurations. In a few cases, the proposed assignments lead to unresolved issues.

The systematics of the level energies throughout the isotopic chain of the studied neutron-rich Sn isotopes displays a regular dependence with mass and this smooth behavior adds further confidence in the experimental results. Even more striking is the regularity observed in the variation of the reduced transition probabilities extracted from the measured isomeric half-lives for a number of E2 transitions observed in the decays of the new 15− and 13− isomers in the even Sn isotopes as well as 23/2+ and 19/2+ in the odd ones. For these E2 transitions, the extracted B(E2) probabilities have similar values and follow rather precisely the A dependence established earlier for the (h11/2)n, seniority ν = 2,3 isomers in the full range of 116−130Sn.

[1] R. Broda et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1671 (1992).

[2] C. T. Zhang et al., Phys. Rev. C 62, 057305 (2000).

[3] S. Lunardi et al., Z. Phys. A 328, 487 (1987).

[4] L. W. Iskra et al., Acta Phys. Pol. B 44, 395 (2013).

[5] L. W. Iskra et al., Phys. Rev. C 89, 044324 (2014).

[6] L. W. Iskra et al., Acta Phys. Pol. B 46, 651 (2015).

[7] L. W. Iskra et al., Phys. Rev. C accepted for publication.

Contact : tellier@ill.fr

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (ILL)
Nature évènement : (Séminaire)
Evènement répétitif : (General ILL Seminar - College 3)
Site de l'évènement : Polygone scientifique

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