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Photo-active molecules encapsulated inside single-walled carbon nanotubes : a vibrational study

Mardi 26 janvier 2016 15:40 - Duree : 1 heure
Lieu : ILL 4, Seminar Room, 71 avenue des Martyrs - Grenoble

Orateur : Ana Carolina SELVATI (Institut Laue Langevin, Grenoble, France - Laboratoire Charles Coulomb, UMR5221, Montpellier, France)

Due to their hollow space, nanotubes NT can host molecules giving rise to new hybrid molecule@NT systems. A possible class of molecules that can be hosted by nanotubes are pi-conjugated oligomers which are attractive due to their electronic and optoelectronic properties[3]. Its drawback are brittleness and low electric conductivity[4]. Encapsulation of dimethyl-quaterthiophene (4TCH3) inside SWCNTs gives rise to a hybrid material, expected to combine the protection of the confining matrix to the photo-physical properties of the encapsulated unit. This hybrid material will be referred hereafter as 4TCH3@NTf,(where f is the nanotube diameter in Å). The first recent experimental study, based on Raman spectroscopy, brought the proof that the number of encapsulated molecules depend on the size of the confining matrix[5]. Some influence of the diameter of the nanotube on the confinement state of the molecule as well as their interaction with the nanotube is expected. Inelastic neutron scattering, mostly sensitive to the confined molecule, due to the strong cross-section of hydrogen atoms, probes wide Q vector range, which is a very interesting tool in order to obtain a complete picture of the vibrational properties of such system. We are interested on the confinement properties of two hybrid systems : 4TCH3@NT09 and 4TCH3@NT14. Those materials were studied by means of inelastic neutron scattering (INS) at two instruments at the Institute Laue-Langevin, time-of-flight IN4c and Triple Axis IN1-Lagrange spectrometers. The resulting experimental HPDOS can be compared to the DFT-simulated HPDOS, allowing thus the assignement of main vibrational modes. We show that specific vibrational modes undergo to modifications upon a change of the size of the confining matrix, evidencing the influence of encapsulation in such molecules.

References

[1] Single-shell carbon nanotubes of 1-nm diameter, S. Iijima, T. Ichcashi, Nature, 363 (1993), 603 - 605

[2] Crystalline Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes, A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu, Y. Hee Lee, Seong Gon Kim, A. G. Rinzler, D. T. Colbert, G. E. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, R. E. Smalley, Science 273 (1996) 483-487

[3] Raman Spectroscopy of Short-Lived Terthiophene Radical Cations Generated by Photochemical and Chemical Oxidation, T. M. Clarke, K. C. Gordon, W. S. Chan, D. L. Phillips, P. Wagner, D. L. Officer, European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 7 (2006) 1276–1285

[4] Effect of carbonitrile and hexyloxy substituents on alternated copolymer of polythiophene–Performances in photovoltaic cells, S. Berson, S. Cecioni, M. Billon, Y. Kervella, R. de Bettignies, S. Bailly, S. Guillerez, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 94 (2010) 699-708

[5] New Insigths on Photo-Active Molecules Within Host Carbon Nanotubes, L. Alvarez, Y. Almadori, S. Mariot, R. Aznar, R. Arenal, T. Michel, R. Le Parc, P. Dieudonné, B. Jousselme, S. Campidelli, J.-L. Bantignies, Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics 8 (2013) 28-38

Contact : tellier@ill.fr

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (ILL)
Nature évènement : (Séminaire)
Evènement répétitif : (General ILL Seminar - College 7)
Site de l'évènement : Polygone scientifique

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