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Universal scaling of the critical voltage in insulating one-dimensional arrays of Josephson junctions

Lundi 30 mai 2016 09:30 - Duree : 1 heure
Lieu : Salle "Louis Weil" E424 - Institut Néel -bâtiment E, 3ème étage, CNRS Polygone scientifique, 25 rue des martyrs, 38000 Grenoble

Orateur : Timothy DUTY (University of New South Wales)

The Bose-Hubbard model is central to the study of strongly-correlated bosonic systems and finds implementation using eit her arrays of Josephson junctions, or ultra-cold bosonic atoms trapped in optical lattices. For Josephson junction arrays, the constituent bosons are charged, the Coulomb interaction extends over many sites, and the system can be probed by electrical transport measurements. There is also an intimate connection between one-dimensional chains of Josephson junctions, and one-dimensional superconducting nanowires, where the phenomena of coherent quantum phase slips of the superconducting order parameter leads to the idea of an electromagnetic “dual” to the conventional Josephson effect. Such a dual Josephson effect exhibits a critical voltage, in contrast to a critical supercurrent, which arises since charge is localised and global phase coherence is absent. We have measured the critical voltage for a statistically large number of one-dimensional, single-junction chains of Josephson junctions, where we have varied the ratio of Josephson to charging energies, and the plasma frequency , using respectively, geometry and barrier thickness. We observe universal scaling of the critical voltage with the single-junction Bloch bandwidth. The power-law exponent does not agree with theory based on semi-classical treatment of junction quasicharge (the charge which has passed through a given junction). In addition, we have recently extended our measurements to SQUID chains, finding additional and unexpected surprises.

Contact : lilian.de-coster@neel.cnrs.fr

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (Institut Néel / QUEST)
Nature évènement : (Séminaire)
Site de l'évènement : Polygone scientifique

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