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ntense Ion, Neutron and X-rays Beams from relativistic Laser-matter interaction Can lasers complement or even replace particle accelerators for radiation facilities ?

Vendredi 16 décembre 2016 11:00 - Duree : 1 heure
Lieu : Seminar Room 7/8 - ILL 1, 71 avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble

Orateur : Markus ROTH (Institute for Nuclear Physics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany)

The quest for laser-based high-energy ions and secondary radiation for applications like material research or even cancer treatment has been going on for some years. Recently, using high contrast short pulse lasers like the TRIDENT in the US or PHELIX laser in Germany laser and the concept of relativistic transparency, a breakthrough has been achieved with ion energies exceeding 100 MeV and the production of intense neutron pulses [1], only about three orders of magnitude weaker than the LANSCE neutron pulses. Based on the new mechanism’s advantages, a laser-driven deuteron beam is used to achieve a new record in laser-neutron production in intensity, energy and directionality. Thus, we demonstrated the use of short pulse lasers to use the resulting hard X-Rays and neutrons of different energies to radiograph an unknown object and to determine its material composition [2]. Neutron generation, scale exponentially with energy of the deuterium beam, which scales with the energy of the accelerating laser and result in a collimated beam, allowing e.g. a much higher fraction of produced neutrons to be captured by the moderator and delivered to the application. With available laser power increasing and the prospected increase in repetition rate and therefore average power, pulsed neutron sources achieving the neutron output of LANSCE or even SNS are conceivable. Since comparably little shielding is required, targets for laser neutron sources can be very compact, allowing moderator to sample/detector distances of a meter or even less, further increasing the flux on the sample. Investment and operational cost as well as real estate foot-print for the necessary laser systems are all a small fraction of those for the particle accelerators or reactors required for present neutron sources. We quantitatively compare the initial experiments in laser neutron generation with existing conventional sources. An overview and outlook on the developments in laser technology will be presented and the potential for neutron production will be outlined.

[1] M. Roth et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 110, p. 044802 (2013)

[2] D. Jung et al., Physics of Plasmas 20, 056706 (2013)

[3] ELI-BEAMS, L4 Beamline [4] DIPOLE Laser system, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK

[5] J.M.Cole et al., NATURE Scientific RepoRts | 5:13244

Contact : tellier@ill.fr

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (ILL)
Nature évènement : (Séminaire)
Evènement répétitif : (General ILL Seminar - College 3)
Site de l'évènement : Polygone scientifique

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