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Origin of chaos and shot noise in mesoscopic cavities

Jeudi 6 avril 2017 16:00 - Duree : 1 heure
Lieu : Salle Belledonne - IMEP-LaHC, 3 Parvis Louis Neel, Bât. BCAi, Minatec

Orateur : Massimo MACUCCI (Engineering Dept., University of Pisa - Italy)

Shot noise suppression in mesoscopic devices and in mesoscopic cavities in particular, has attracted significant interest in the last two decades. Many authors have focu sed on the suppression, in a symmetric cavity, of the shot noise power spectral density to one quarter of the value expected from Schottky’s theorem and on the further suppression observed as the width of the constrictions defining the cavity or the energy of the injected electrons are raised, or in the presence of a magnetic field. Most of the literature provides an interpretation based on a so called "quantum to classical" transition resulting from the interplay between the dwell time of particles in the cavity and the Ehrenfest time, i.e. the time over which particle trajectories significantly diverge as a result of the chaotic nature of the cavity. Supported also by detailed numerical simulations, we reach the conclusion that no classically chaotic shape is actually needed to achieve the observed behavior, which is simply the result of quantum diffraction at the apertures, leading to multiple trajectories and therefore to quantum chaos. We show that in the presence of a magnetic field the relevant quantities are the classical cyclotron diameter of the electrons and the width of the constrictions : shot noise is suppressed as the ratio of the cyclotron diameter to the width of the constrictions approaches unity, and completely disappears when such ratio becomes very small, since in this limit scattering, and therefore diffraction, at the apertures become negligible. Finally, we show that, contrary to what can be found in some of the existing literature, the presence of a disordered potential is certainly not needed for the observation of the regime with the "one quarter" suppression and does not extend the range of values of the constriction widths (or particle energy) over which such a suppression factor is observed.


Contact : bauza@minatec.grenoble-inp.fr

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (IMEP/LAHC)
Nature évènement : (Séminaire)
Evènement répétitif : (Séminaire IMEP-LAHC)
Site de l'évènement : Site Minatec

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