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Fluctuations quantiques dans des systèmes de spins et de charges en interaction

Mardi 12 décembre 2017 14:00 - Duree : 2 heures
Lieu : Institut Néel - CNRS - salle de conférence - bât A, 25 rue des martyrs, 38000 Grenoble

Orateur : Soutenance de Thèse de Karim FERHAT

This thesis focuses on two different spin and charge systems, interacting under the effect of quantum fluctuations. The first project highlights the phase diagram of interacting electrons on a kagome lattice. This diagram is driven by two Coulomb repulsions. The first is a on site repulsion, and the second a nearest neighbor one. These two repulsions are in competition with quantum fluctuations of electronic charges. Four phases are depicted, two are unknown and the two other are in agreement with the literature. The two new phases are stabilized in the strong on site repulsion regime. When nearest neighbor repulsions are strong enough to induce a charge local constraint, the system enters in a so called Heisenberg-Loop Phase. These loops are antiferromagnetically arranged and can be described by a Heisenberg-like model in which both charge and spin play surprisingly a role in the exchange interaction. The second new phase is stabilized in the regime where nearest neighbor interactions are too weak to maintain the local constraint. Then, half of the electrons are delocalized in unidimensional Bloc h states similar to quantum polarized electronic bubbles. These bubbles are trapped in an inversely polarized electronic cristal formed by the other electrons. This peculiar phase is favored by both quantum charge fluctuations in the bubbles, and antiferromagnetic exchanges between their electrons and the cristal ones. The second project deals with a TbPc2 molecular magnet. This molecule is modeled by three interacting degrees of freedom. The first is a nuclear spin of the Terbium ion, and the second is the electronic spin of this same ion. The two spins interact via a magnetic exchange. In a first approximation, the effect of the electronic spin is to induce a dipolar field. Finally, the last degree of freedom is carried by two ligands under the influence of the dipolar field. The ligands play the role of a read-out quantum dot, and by conductance measurements through this last one, we can probe the electronic spin and then, the nuclear spin. The first step of this project highlights the modeling of the global system. Then numerical computations are depicted and are in a quantitative agreement with the experimental measurements realized during the thesis of Stefan Thiele and Clément Godfrin. On the other hand, by applying electrical Radio Frequency Fields, we can drive quantum fluctuations on the nuclear spin. This quantum manipulation of the spin is realized by the dynamic deformation of the electron cloud under the effect of the Radio Frequency Field. As a result, we are able to implement a Grover Quantum Algorithm on the nuclear field. This thesis focuses on the realization of a simulation program that was a tool used by Clément Godfrin to successfully implement the Grover Algorithm.

Contact : karimferhat@gmail.com

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (Institut Néel / QUEST)
Nature évènement : (Soutenance de thèse)
Site de l'évènement : Polygone scientifique

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