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Hierarchical PbTiO3 Nanostructures Grown by Self-Orientation

Jeudi 23 juin 2016 11:00 - Duree : 1 heure
Lieu : Grenoble INP-Phelma, Laboratoire LMGP-2ème étage-salle de séminaire, 3 parvis Louis Néel - 38000 Grenoble

Orateur : Mari-Ann EINARSRUD (Department of Materials Science and Engineering - NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology Trondheim, Norway)

Nanorods and nanostructures of ferroelectric perovskites have recently been studied with increasing intensity due to their potential use in non-volatile ferroelectric random access memory, nano-electromechanical systems, energy-harvesting devices and advanced sensors [1]. This presentation describes hydrothermal synthesis of different hierarchical nanostructures of PbTiO3 and discusses mechanisms for the particular growth of the nanostructures.

An amorphous lead titanate precursor mixed with sodium dodecyl­benzene­sulfonate surfactant was used during the hydrothermal synthesis. Novel bur-like hierarchical nanostructures of PbTiO3 were formed without the use of substrates [2]. The bur-like nanostructures exhibit a microsphere core with an outer shell of nanorods. The nanorods were between 50 nm and 100 nm in diameter and from several hundreds nm up to 2 mm in length. The growth of the bur-like nanostructures is proposed to be a two-step process with agglomeration of PbTiO3 nanoparticles in the first step, followed by the nanorod mesocrystal growth.

In the presence of SrTiO3 substrates, hierarchical arrays of ferroelectric lead titanate (PbTiO3) nanorods were grown on the substrates. Changing the crystallographic orientation of the substrate resulted in a systematic change in the orientation of the nanorods. The nanorods had a square cross-section of 35-400 nm and were up to 5 µm long. The nanorods were shown to grow in the [001] direction by self-assembly of cube-shaped or facetted nanocrystals into anisometric meso­crystals, which ripen into nanorods. The domain structure of the nanorods was studied by TEM and the polarization of the heat-treated nanorods could be successively switched in the direction perpendicular to the nanorod axis by piezoresponse force spectroscopy. This control of the polarization in PbTiO3 nanorods opens up possibilities of tailoring the ferroelectric properties and is therefore highly relevant for the use of ferroelectric nanorods in devices.

[1] P.M. Rørvik, T. Grande, and M.-A. Einarsrud, Adv. Mater., 23 4007-4034 (2011).

[2] G. Wang, R. Sæterli, P. M. Rørvik, A. T. J. van Helvoort, R. Holmestad, T. Grande and M.-A. Einarsrud, Chem. Mater. 19 2213-2221 (2007).

Contact : Michele.san-martin@grenoble-inp.fr

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (LMGP)
Nature évènement : (Séminaire)
Evènement répétitif : (Séminaire LMGP)
Site de l'évènement : Site Minatec

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