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Gravitational Quantum States of Atoms and Anti-Atoms

Lundi 6 mai 2019 11:00 - Duree : 1 heure
Lieu : Seminar Room 7/8 - ILL 1, 71 avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble

Orateur : Valery NESVIZHEVSKY (ILL, Grenoble)

Gravitational quantum states (GQS) are traps for ultracold massive particles with gravity on top and a specularly reflecting mirror with a sharply changing surface potential on bottom. Energies of neutrons (n), hydrogen (H) and antihydrogen () atoms in GQS are of the order of ε0 0.6peV, and the characteristic size of wave functions is l0 5.9μm. Ultralow energies make this system very sensitive to any tiny interactions, and large sizes simplify the experimental techniques. GQS were discovered in experiments with ultracold neutrons (UCN) in 2002, and since then they are actively used by several research groups (qBounce, Tokyo, GRANIT) at ILL and soon will be used in Los Alamos, USA, and probably in Vancouver, Canada. While repulsive neutron-nuclei optical potential of many materials totally reflect UCN from surfaces, attractive van der Waals/Casimir-Polder potentials can also reflect ultracold atoms, antiatoms and molecules at surface due to quantum reflection. In contrast to the case of neutrons, nobody has ever observed GQS of atoms and antiatoms. Meantime, motivations are growing up and prompting experimental efforts to observe GQS of H and , and to improve, to the maximum extend, the precision of GQS studies with all these particles. Thus, GQS of in the GBAR project at CERN is the most precise method identified so far for the direct measurement of the gravitational acceleration of antimatter. GQS and a related phenomenon of Centrifugal Quantum States (CQS) of these particles is a sensitive method for the searches for extra short-range forces arising due to yet undiscovered light bosons or other phenomena beyond Standard Model, manifestations of extra dimensions or dark matter. The techniques developed within GQS studies promise to help achieving ultralow energies of H thus providing unprecedented conditions for optical and hyperfine spectroscopy of H with ultimate precision, which will be pursuit within the GRASIAN project.

Contact : tellier@ill.fr

Discipline évènement : (Physique)
Entité organisatrice : (ILL)
Nature évènement : (Séminaire)
Evènement répétitif : (General ILL Seminar - College 3)
Site de l'évènement : Polygone scientifique

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